A Serigraph is a Fine Art Print which has been produced using the screen printing method thus more precisely making it a Fine Art Screen Print.
The word 全erigraph' literally means to draw through silk, In Latin 壮eri' means silk and in Greek 組raphos' means to draw.
The name 全erigraph' was coined by Carl Zigrosser, an eminent curator of prints of the Philadelphia Museum of Fine Arts, to distinguish Fine Art Screen Prints from other commercial and industrial Screen Prints.
Broadly speaking there are four categories of printing, they are: Relief, Intaglio, Planographic and Stencil Printing. 全erigraphs' or Fine Art Screen Prints are categorized under and are examples of Stencil Printing.
Whenever an artist printmaker produces a stencil print it is an original print made using the screen printing method and these are classified as 全erigraphs'.
全erigraphs' like other Fine Art Prints are hand printed or hand pulled and as a result of this may vary from each other slightly, This variation is accepted positively as it makes each 全erigraph' unique and original in itself.
There would be certain requirements for the screen prints to qualify as original Fine Art Screen Prints or 全erigraphs', they would be:
- The artist alone has conceptualized and created the master image on which the print is based.
- The print is made either by the artist or as per his directions and under his supervision.
- The finished print is approved by the artist.
The artist-printmaker usually prints a pre-determined and fixed number of multiples of the screen prints, thus making them into an 薦dition' of the 全erigraphs'. These Editions may be 前pen' or 銑imited' which as their names suggest mean that in 前pen' editions the artist-printmaker may 然estrike' or print more of the same prints later but if printed as a 銑imited Edition', then it acts as a guarantee on the part of the artist-printmaker and publisher that the same images will never be printed again.
- Lavesh Jagasia